Continuing discussion.

EPS Blog

This is the blog area for the Evangelical Philosophical Society and its journal, Philosophia Christi.

Friday, July 3, 2020

An Introduction to Aquinas's Moral, Economic, and Political Thought

In 2020, Baker Academic will publish Justice and Charity: An Introduction to Aquinas's Moral, Economic, and Political Thought by Michael P. Krom. Michael P. Krom is professor of philosophy and chair of the department at St. Vincent College in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, where he serves as director of Benedictine Leadership Studies and director of the Faith and Reason Summer Program.

From the publisher's description of Justice and Charity:
This book introduces Thomas Aquinas's moral, economic, and political thought, differentiating between philosophy (justice) and theology (charity) within each of the three branches of Aquinas's theory of human living. It shows how Aquinas's thought offers an integrated vision for Christian participation in the world, equipping readers to apply their faith to the complex moral, economic, and political problems of contemporary society. Written in an accessible style by an experienced educator, the book is well-suited for use in a variety of undergraduate courses and provides a foundation for understanding Catholic social teaching.

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Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Dave Werther and Mark Linville Remember Keith Yandell

Philosophers Dave Werther and Mark Linville offer their memories and reflections on the life, teaching, and scholarship of Keith Yandell, who passed away on April 28th.

"To be invited to write a remembrance of Keith Yandell is a bittersweet honor," they write. "But Keith himself might have observed that X is a bittersweet honor entails X is an honor."

In the first part of their essay, they offer various personal reminiscences, highlighting ways that Keith's life not only intersected with their own journey but also shaped them in significant ways.

Of Keith's mind, Dave observes that
Some philosophers are adept at analysis, but cannot see beyond numbered propositions. Others want to eschew fine-grained analysis in favor of “the big questions.” Keith was unique in his ability to do deep analysis along with the assessment of conceptual systems. His mind was as broad as it was deep and it was very, very deep.
Mark further elaborates, with these observations:
Despite the precision of his philosophical work, Keith defied the stereotype of analytic philosophers who “either scorn or simply ignore history of philosophy,” as one author has put it. He was widely read in the history of his discipline and offered a wide range of courses and seminars on different periods of that history and individual philosophers . . . A chief concern of his was the rational assessment of worldviews as comprehensive conceptual systems, and this concern led him to an expertise in the religious and philosophical systems of India in addition to his consideration of theism and its main alternatives in the West.
In the second part of their essay, Dave and Mark survey some of the lasting significance of Keith Yandell's work in light of his scholarship, especially his notable books.
Keith was primarily a philosopher who was also a committed Christian, and so he is not best ranked among Christian apologists. But he was a philosopher with both a personal and scholarly interest in philosophy of religion, a theistic worldview, and issues in Christian theology, and so his careful philosophical work is of lasting value not only to philosophers--Christian and otherwise--but also to Christian apologists and theologians, as well as to those working in the emerging and rather hybrid discipline of analytic theology.
Dave and Mark conclude their essay with this hope: "Through Christ, Keith has won his Last Battle. In the words of Aslan, 'The term is over: the holidays have begun.'"

To read the full-text of the paper, please click here. Learn more about Keith Yandell's important contributions to Philosophia Christi 

Subscribe today to Philosophia Christi for as low as $25/yr (EPS membership includes a print subscription to the journal).

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Friday, May 15, 2020

God in Himself: Scripture, Metaphysics, and the Task of Christian Theology

In 2019, IVP Academic released God in Himself: Scripture, Metaphysics, and the Task of Christian Theology by Steven J. Duby, in the Studies in Christian Doctrine and Scripture series. Steven J. Duby (PhD, University of St Andrews) is associate professor of theology at Grand Canyon University. He is the author of Divine Simplicity: A Dogmatic Account.

From the publisher's description of God in Himself:
How do we know God? Can we know God as he is in himself? 
These longstanding questions have been addressed by Christian theologians throughout the church's history. Some, such as Thomas Aquinas, have argued that we know God through both natural and supernatural revelation, while others, especially Karl Barth, have argued that we know God only on the basis of the incarnation. Contemporary discussions of these issues sometimes give the impression that we have to choose between a speculative doctrine of God driven by natural theology or metaphysics and a Christ-centered doctrine of God driven by God's work in the history of salvation. 
In this volume in IVP Academic's Studies in Christian Doctrine and Scripture series, Steven J. Duby casts a vision for integrating natural theology, the incarnation, and metaphysics in a Christian description of God in himself.

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Friday, May 1, 2020

Remembering Keith Yandell's Contributions to Philosophia Christi

Members of the Evangelical Philosophical Society mourn the loss of friend, colleague, and teacher, Keith E. Yandell (b. 1938), who passed away on April 28th.

Since the 1960s, Keith's dozens of articles and books have addressed multiple areas of philosophy, including issues in philosophy of religion, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophical anthropology, and Christian engagement with religious diversity and eastern religions. According to an announcement of his passing made by the Society of Christian Philosophers, Keith's wife, Sharon, said that Keith "enjoyed most of all teaching and mentoring the many students he had in a 45 year career at UW-Madison and as an affiliate professor for several years at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School." Additional remembrances are posted at Keith's Facebook page. See also reflections from Thomas McCall and Harold Netland.

Within Philosophia Christi, the peer-reviewed journal of the Evangelical Philosophical Society, Keith's papers were published on issues of metaphysics and philosophical theology, an appraisal of Plantinga's religious epistemology, Hasker's "emergent dualism," an assessment of new interpretations of Kant's philosophy of religion, and critiques of pluralist accounts of religions and religious diversity.

For example, in 1999, and in the inaugural issue of Philosophia Christi, Keith wrote on "Ontological Arguments, Metaphysical Identity, and the Trinity." In this article, Keith seeks "to explore some accounts of the necessary and sufficient conditions of metaphysical identity" and their implications for "Anselmian and non-Anselmian views of the Christianity trinity" in order to argue that "if one is a Christian trinitarian theist, then - given certain plausible claims - one should reject the view that God has logically necessary existence" (83). His paper, as in much of his work, toggled between issues of metaphysics and philosophy of religion.

In 2000 (vol. 2, no. 2), Keith participated in a book symposium on William Hasker's The Emergent Self, which also included contributions from Nancey Murphy, Stewart Goetz, and a reply from Hasker. Keith's article - "Mind-Fields and the Siren Song of Reason" -  attends to "powers attributed to matter by emergent dualism amount to this: when suitably configured, it generates a field of consciousness that is able to function teleologically and to exercise libertarian free will, and the field of consciousness in turn modifies and directs the functioning of the physical brain." The article goes on to illuminate the 'pretty severe tension' "between the apparently mechanistic character of the physical basis of mind and the irreducibly teleological nature of the mind itself," such that "the siren song of Cartesian dualism once again echoes in our ears" (183).

In the following year (vol. 3, no. 2), Philosophia Christi featured a book symposium on Alvin Plantinga's Warranted Christian Belief, which included a paper from Keith - "Is Contemporary Naturalism Self-Referentially Irrational?" and also contributions from Douglas Geivett and Greg Jesson, Richard Fumerton, Paul Moser, and a reply from Plantinga. Keith's paper offers a multi-point reflection on Plantinga's argument, leaving the reader to ponder 'how bad' is the contemporary naturalist's argument if Plantinga's argument is correct?; it "depends not only on [Plantinga's argument] being valid and having true premises, but on what exactly it does to a view to show that it supports the conclusions that one cannot rationally accept it." Keith wonders, "Is this like a car having a little scratch on its fender, or like the motor's parts having been fused by heat?" (356).

In 2007, Keith's paper, "Who is the True Kant?," was part of a book symposium on Kant and the New Philosophy of Religion (vol. 9, no. 1); the symposium was guest edited by Chris Firestone and with additional contributions from John Hare, Stephen Palmquist, Nathan Jacobs, Firestone and Jacobs, and Christophe Chalamet. Keith's article renders a more cautious, as opposed to an optimistic view of the 'new wave' interpretations of Kant. "I take Kant, among other strengths, to be incapable of making uninteresting mistakes, which - if you think about it - is a very high compliment" (81).

Keith returned to issues of metaphysics and philosophical theology in a 2009 article (vol. 11, no. 2)  co-authored with Thomas McCall, titled, "On Trinitarian Subordinationism." In that paper, McCall and Yandell analyze "the claim that the Son is necessarily subordinate to the Father" in order to argue "that there are no good reasons to hold such a view but that there are strong reasons to reject it" since such arguments "often rest upon fundamental misunderstandings of the theological issues at stake, their arguments from Scripture bring important—but flawed—metaphysical assumptions into the exegesis of biblical texts, and their own proposal is either hopelessly mired in contradiction or entails the direct denial of the full divinity of the Son" (339).

Additionally, in that same 2009 issue of the journal, Keith contributed to a symposium guest edited by Chad Meister and that focused on philosophical and theological issues of "Religious Diversity," which also included papers from Paul Moser and Paul Knitter. Keith's paper - "Religious Pluralism: Reductionist, Exclusivist, and Intolerant?" -  addresses the idea that religions differ in significant ways and also critiqued the idea that "Religious Pluralism is often taken to define the only unbiased, rational, and acceptable approach to the diversity of religions." Keith goes on to say that "the Pluralist route is anything but unbiased or rational" and that rather than "being the only acceptable approach, it should be flatly rejected" (275).

Finally, in 2011 (vol. 13, no. 2), Yandell contributed to one more Philosophia Christi symposium, and this time centered on "God and Abstract Objects," guest edited by Paul Gould, with additional contributions from Richard Davis and William Lane Craig. Keith's article - "God and Propositions" - focuses the discussion this way: "Arguments that necessary existence is a perfection, and God has all perfections, assume that Necessitarian Theism is true, and hence consistent. Thus they do not provide reason to believe that Necessitarian Theism is true. Nonnecessitarian ('plain') theism is on a philosophical par with Necessitarian Theism and can accommodate abstract objects all the while avoiding theological and philosophical refutation" (275).

The above is but a microcosm of Keith Yandell's faithful work. Keith's mind, wit, prose, and rigor will surely be missed. Important areas of philosophy - e.g., issues in philosophy of religion - are better because of his leadership.

Learn more about Philosophia Christi, or subscribe today for as low as $25/yr (EPS membership includes a print subscription to the journal).

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Friday, April 24, 2020

Metametaphysics and the Sciences: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives

In 2019, Routledge published Metametaphysics and the Sciences: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives as part of the Routledge Studies in Metaphysics series, edited by Frode Kjosavik and Camilla Serck-Hanssen. Frode Kjosavik is Professor of Philosophy at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. He is the co-editor, with Christian Beyer and Christel Fricke, of Husserl’s Phenomenology of Intersubjectivity: Historical Interpretations and Contemporary Applications (Routledge, 2019). Camilla Serck-Hanssen is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Oslo, Norway. She is the Scientific Director for the Centre for Advanced Study at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.

From the publisher's description of Metametaphysics and the Sciences:
This collection addresses metaphysical issues at the intersection between philosophy and science. A unique feature is the way in which it is guided both by history of philosophy, by interaction between philosophy and science, and by methodological awareness. In asking how metaphysics is possible in an age of science, the contributors draw on philosophical tools provided by three great thinkers who were fully conversant with and actively engaged with the sciences of their day: Kant, Husserl, and Frege. 
Part I sets out frameworks for scientifically informed metaphysics in accordance with the meta-metaphysics outlined by these three self-reflective philosophers. Part II explores the domain for co-existent metaphysics and science. Constraints on ambitious critical metaphysics are laid down in close consideration of logic, meta-theory, and specific conditions for science. Part III exemplifies the role of language and science in contemporary metaphysics. Quine’s pursuit of truth is analysed; Cantor’s absolute infinitude is reconstrued in modal terms; and sense is made of Weyl’s take on the relationship between mathematics and empirical aspects of physics. 
With chapters by leading scholars, Metametaphysics and the Sciences is an in-depth resource for researchers and advanced students working within metaphysics, philosophy of science, and the history of philosophy.

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Sunday, February 2, 2020

Philosophical Reflections on The Concept of Social Justice

In 2019, St. Augustine's Press published The Concept of Social Justice, edited by Christopher Wolfe. Christopher Wolfe is a professor of politics at the University of Dallas and President of the American Public Philosophy Institute. 

From the publisher's description of The Concept of Social Justice:
“Social justice” is a term heard a great deal today, but what does it mean? It does not appear in pre-nineteenth century classic texts on justice. Is it a social agenda inspired by compassion? Is it a particular set of institutional arrangements to achieve justice? What the term means, and – in some quarters – whether it is even a term worth using, is a matter of controversy.
The inspiration for this book comes from the fact that current discussions of “social justice” often deal overwhelmingly with programs that aim to advance certain specific and controversial policies to deal with various social problems. In the process, important theoretical questions about social justice are not even confronted, much less resolved. For example, what does the word “social” add to “justice”? Isn't all justice “social”? What is the relation between “social justice” and more classical Aristotelian terms such as “distributive justice,” “commutative justice,” and “legal justice”? With respect to its current usage, is the term “social justice” applicable only to special policies or programs (e.g., government or nonprofit social welfare programs)? Does it apply only to the provision of material goods and services? Does it play a role in the ordinary everyday world of business and work?
The papers in this book aim, not at identifying some particular set of public policies that allegedly constitute the right content of “social justice,” but at reflection on the meaning of social justice. It is not an exhortation to pursue policies that are “understood,” without discussion, to be the right way to pursue social justice. It is not aimed at stimulating activism, mobilizing people to go out and achieve social justice now. Rather, it aims at building the foundation upon which people can identify general principles of justice, and make reasonable prudential judgments about how to pursue social justice. This theoretical orientation means that it is neither “right-wing” nor “left-wing.” The Concept of Social Justice provides a range of insightful essays on the term and on its various uses and abuses. The authors of these papers are committed to something like “social justice” – they don't believe that it is spurious notion that should be rejected. They may very well disagree about exactly how to pursue social justice. But their primary concern here is to ask, simply, “what is social justice”?
Jean Bethke Elshtain and Michael Novak show various ways in which the term has been misunderstood or narrowed or abused for ideological reasons. Nicholas Wolterstorff’s essay makes careful distinctions necessary to identify the implications of adding “social” to “justice” and fleshes out a valuable notion of the concept. John Finnis locates the origins of social justice in an historical misreading of Thomas Aquinas’ discussion of justice, which narrowed his “general justice” in a way that required a new notion of “social justice.” Joseph Koterksi, S.J., Robert Kennedy, and J. Brian Benestad each elaborate some of the ways in which “social justice” has been used in the Catholic social teaching since Rerum Novarum and in international theological and U.S. episcopal documents.
Readers will come away from this book with a deeper understanding of the origins of social justice, a sensitivity to the frequent abuses of the term, and a recognition of the forms in which it can be a valuable part of today’s political discourse.

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Saturday, February 1, 2020

Abstract Objects: For and Against

In 2020, Springer will release Abstract Objects: For and Against, edited by José Luis Falguera and Concha Martínez-Vidal. José L. Falguera is currently Associate Professor of Logic and Philosophy of Science at the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain). Concha Martínez-Vidal is Associate Professor at the University of Santiago de Compostela.

From the publisher's description of Abstract Objects:
This volume examines the question “Do abstract objects exist?”, presenting new work from contributing authors across different branches of philosophy. The introduction overviews philosophical debate which considers: what objects qualify as abstract, what do we mean by the word "exist” and indeed, what evidence should count in favor or against the thesis that abstract objects exist. Through subsequent chapters readers will discover the ubiquity of abstract objects as each philosophical field is considered. 
Given the ubiquitous use of expressions that purportedly refer to abstract objects, we think that it is relevant to attend to the controversy between those who want to advocate the existence of abstract objects and those who stand against them. Contributions to this volume depict positions and debates that directly or indirectly involve taking one position or other about abstract objects of different kinds and categories. The volume provides a variety of samples of how positions for or against abstract objects can be used in different areas of philosophy in relation to different matters.
Learn more  about EPS contributions to the "God and Abstract Objects" discussion, including from Philosophia Christi.

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Sunday, January 19, 2020

Debating Christian Religious Epistemology

In 2020 Bloomsbury Academic will publish Debating Christian Religious Epistemology: An Introduction to Five Views on the Knowledge of God, edited by John M. DePoe and Tyler Dalton McNabb. John M. DePoe is Academic Dean of the Schools of Logic and Rhetoric at Kingdom Preparatory Academy, USA. Tyler Dalton McNabb is Post-Doctoral Fellow at the University of Macau, Macau.

From the publisher's description of Debating Christian Religious Epistemology:
What does it mean to believe in God? What passes as evidence for belief in God? What issues arise when considering the rationality of belief in God? 
Debating Christian Religious Epistemology introduces core questions in the philosophy of religion by bringing five competing viewpoints on the knowledge of God into critical dialogue with one another. 
Each chapter introduces an epistemic viewpoint, providing an overview of its main arguments and explaining why it justifies belief. The validity of that viewpoint is then explored and tested in a critical response from an expert in an opposing tradition. Featuring a wide range of different philosophical positions, traditions and methods, this introduction: 
  • Covers classical evidentialism, phenomenal conservatism, proper functionalism, covenantal epistemology and traditions-based perspectivalism 
  • Draws on MacIntyre's account of rationality and ideas from the Analytic and Conservatism traditions 
  • Addresses issues in social epistemology 
  • Considers the role of religious experience and religious texts 
Packed with lively debates, this is an ideal starting point for anyone interested in understanding the major positions in contemporary religious epistemology and how religious concepts and practices relate to belief and knowledge.
Readers may also be interested in a 2016 article that co-editor McNabb wrote (with Erik Baldwin) for Philosophia Christi, the peer-reviewed journal of the Evangelical Philosophical Society, wherein he discussed "Reformed Epistemology and the Pandora’s Box Objection." Moreover, in 2018, DePoe wrote for the journal about "Evaluating the Evidential Impact of Religious Disagreement."

Become a subscriber to Philosophia Christi or a member of the Evangelical Philosophical Society (includes annual print subscription)!

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Friday, January 10, 2020

Virtue and Meaning: A Neo-Aristotelian Perspective

In 2020, Cambridge University Press will release Virtue and Meaning: A Neo-Aristotelian Perspective by David McPherson. McPherson is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Creighton University, Omaha. He is the editor of Spirituality and the Good Life: Philosophical Approaches (Cambridge, 2017).

From the publisher's description of Virtue and Meaning:
The revival of Aristotelian virtue ethics can be seen as a response to the modern problem of disenchantment, that is, the perceived loss of meaning in modernity. However, in Virtue and Meaning, David McPherson contends that the dominant approach still embraces an overly disenchanted view. In a wide-ranging discussion, McPherson argues for a more fully re-enchanted perspective that gives better recognition to the meanings by which we live and after which we seek, and to the fact that human beings are the meaning-seeking animal. In doing so, he defends distinctive accounts of the relationship between virtue and happiness, other-regarding demands, and the significance of linking neo-Aristotelian virtue ethics with a view of the meaning of life and a spiritual life where contemplation has a central role. This book will be valuable for philosophers and other readers who are interested in virtue ethics and the perennial question of the meaning of life.

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Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Dispositionalism: Perspectives from Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science

In 2020, Springer will release Dispositionalism: Perspectives from Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science, edited by Ann Sophie Meincke. Meincke is a Senior Research Fellow at the Philosophy Department of the University of Vienna, Austria, and an Honorary Research Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Life Sciences at the University of Exeter, United Kingdom.

From the publisher's description of Dispositionalism:
According to dispositional realism, or dispositionalism, the entities inhabiting our world possess irreducibly dispositional properties – often called ‘powers’ – by means of which they are sources of change. Dispositionalism has become increasingly popular among metaphysicians in the last three decades as it offers a realist account of causation and provides novel avenues for understanding modality, laws of nature, agency, free will and other key concepts in metaphysics. At the same time, it is receiving growing interest among philosophers of science. This reflects the substantial role scientific findings play in arguments for dispositionalism which, as a metaphysics of science, aims to unveil the very foundations of science. 
The present collection of essays brings together both strands of interest. It elucidates the ontological profile of dispositionalism by exploring its ontological commitments, and it discusses these from the perspective of the philosophy of science. The essays are written by both proponents of dispositionalism and sceptics so as to initiate an open-minded, constructive dialogue.

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Monday, December 30, 2019

Paul Moser on "Understanding Religious Experience: From Conviction to Life's Meaning"

In 2020, Cambridge University Press will publish Understanding Religious Experience: From Conviction to Life's Meaning by Paul K. Moser. Moser is Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University, Chicago. He serves as editor of Cambridge Studies in Religion, Philosophy, and Society and Elements in Religion and Monotheism.

From the publisher's description of Understanding Religious Experience:
In this book, Paul K. Moser offers a new approach to religious experience and the kind of evidence it provides. Here, he explains the nature of theistic and non-theistic experience in relation to the meaning of human life and its underlying evidence, with special attention given to the perspectives of Tolstoy, Buddha, Confucius, Krishna, Moses, the apostle Paul, and Muhammad. Among the many topics explored in this timely volume are: religious experience characterized in a unifying conception; religious experience naturalized relative to science; religious experience psychologized in merely psychological phenomena; and religious experience cognized relative to potential defeaters from evil, divine hiddenness, and religious diversity. Understanding Religious Experience will benefit those interested in the nature of religion and can be used in relevant courses in religious studies, philosophy, theology, Biblical studies, and the history of religion.
Readers may also be interested in the Evangelical Philosophical Society's web project on Paul Moser's "Christ-Shaped Philosophy," which includes a lead paper by Moser, along with dozens of responses by various philosophers and theologians, along with replies by Moser. For a preview, consider this presentation by Moser for Biola's Center for Christian Thought:

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Sunday, December 29, 2019

Philosophical Approaches to Spirituality and the Good Life

In 2019, Cambridge University Press published Spirituality and the Good Life: Philosophical Approaches, edited by David McPherson. McPherson is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Creighton University, Omaha. His research focuses on ethics and philosophy of religion, and has appeared in philosophical journals including Philosophy, Religious Studies: An International Journal for the Philosophy of Religion, and American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.

From the publisher's description of Spirituality and the Good Life: 
This book presents a broad philosophical study of the nature of spirituality and its relationship to human well-being, addressing an area of contemporary philosophy that has been largely under-explored. David McPherson brings together a team of scholars to examine the importance of specific spiritual practices (including prayer, contemplation, and ritual observance) and spiritually informed virtues (such as piety, humility, and existential gratitude) for 'the good life'. This volume also considers and exemplifies how philosophy itself, when undertaken as a humanistic rather than scientistic enterprise, can be a spiritual exercise and part of a spiritual way of life. Clarifying key concepts, and engaging with major religious traditions such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Confucianism, this book will appeal to students and scholars from various disciplines, including theology, sociology, and psychology, as well as to philosophers, ethicists, and other readers who are interested in modern spiritual life.

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Saturday, December 28, 2019

"Metaphysical Grounding" Issues Discussed in Forthcoming Routledge Handbook

In 2020, Routledge will publish the The Routledge Handbook of Metaphysical Grounding, edited by Michael J. Raven, in the Routledge Handbooks in Philosophy series. Michael J. Raven is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Victoria and Affiliate Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Washington, Co-Chief Editor of Metaphysics, and a founding member of the Canadian Metaphysics Collaborative. His research focuses on metaphysics, philosophy of language and mind, and epistemology.

From the publisher's description of The Routledge Handbook of Metaphysical Grounding:
Some of philosophy’s biggest questions, both historically and today, are in-virtue-of questions: In virtue of what is an action right or wrong? In virtue of what am I the same person my mother bore? In virtue of what is an artwork beautiful? Philosophers attempt to answers many of these types of in-virtue-of questions, but philosophers are also increasingly focusing on what an in-virtue-of question is in the first place. Many assume, at least as a working hypothesis, that in-virtue-of questions involve a distinctively metaphysical kind of determinative explanation called "ground." This Handbook surveys the state of the art on ground as well as its connections and applications to other topics. The central issues of ground are discussed in 37 chapters, all written exclusively for this volume by a wide range of leading experts. The chapters are organized into the following sections: 
  • I. History 
  • II. Explanation and Determination 
  • III. Logic and Structure 
  • IV. Connections 
  • V. Applications 
Introductions at the start of each section provide an overview of the section’s contents, and a list of Related Topics at the end of each chapter point readers to other germane areas throughout the volume. The resulting volume is accessible enough for advanced students and informative enough for researchers. It is essential reading for anyone hoping to get clearer on what the biggest questions of philosophy are really asking.

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Friday, December 20, 2019

Scott Smith on "The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge"

In November, Biola's Scott Smith released a paper on Dallas Willard's Disappearance of Moral Knowledge (DMK) which seeks to contribute to ongoing discussion on Dallas' posthumously published work.

Scott's paper is titled, "A Spiritual Issue with the 'Disappearance of Moral Knowledge."

Dallas argues that due to various philosophical and institutional factors, we have lost a body of moral knowledge in the West. Scott's paper considers one institution, the church, and a related, spiritual aspect to the loss of moral knowledge. The paper then explores what Christians can do about that particular aspect.

The full-text of Scott's paper is available for FREE by clicking here. For more of Scott Smith's reflection on Dallas Willard, see his remarks at the EPS blog.

Discount Expires: 12/31/19
Scott's paper raises important issues about how we not only think about the "disappearance" of moral knowledge but the role of the church under the authority of  the Holy Spirit to help 'recover' moral and spiritual knowledge in our society today. While Dallas' DMK, as a single monograph, does not address the role of the church or the Spirit, such factors were close to Dallas' heart and mind as he wrote extensively about the "disappearance" problem beyond his posthumously published book. Thus, Scott's paper encourage us to read the DMK in light of Dallas' other relevant texts (e.g., Knowing Christ Today, The Divine Conspiracy Continued).

Your comments on Scott's paper are welcome here at the EPS blog. If you are a reader of Dallas' Disappearance of Moral Knowledge, we welcome your additional papers about the book and its importance (please contact here with your interests).

To learn more about The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge, please visit and also learn more about the Moral Knowledge Initiative being led by Dallas Willard Ministries. The EPS website provides additional contributions on Dallas' work, along with contributions to his DMK.

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Monday, December 16, 2019

2019 "Disappearance of Moral Knowledge" Symposium

Dallas Willard Ministries (DWM) recently released some interesting video presentations at a Center for Christian Thought hosted symposium on Dallas Willard's Disappearance of Moral Knowledge, which we are also happy to promote here. The symposium is part of DWM's recently launched Moral Knowledge Initiative. Introductory papers were presented by Gregg Ten Elshof on an "Overview of the Issues Presented in the Book" (see the Westmont 2018 presentation) and by Steve Porter “The Primacy of the Individual in Reclaiming Moral Knowledge."

"Jonathan Haidt and the Disappearance of Moral Knowledge: How Good Intentions and Philosophical Confusions Threaten to Perpetuate the Problem"

by Aaron Preston

Jonathan Haidt published The Happiness Hypothesis in 2006, and has become a leading public intellectual addressing matters of morality and ethics.  Dr. Preston chose to present an overview of Haidt’s work because, “As far as the project of making moral knowledge available as a public resource is concerned, Haidt is the one who is making an impact.” Haidt observes that we have lost “a richly textured common ethos with widely shared virtues and values,” and shares many of Willard’s concerns.  But he desires to restore virtue because of its importance to human happiness, and it is happiness itself, or more broadly emotion, that is the goal.  While Haidt needs better philosophical grounding to sort out his own understanding of reason, intuition and emotion, Preston sees him as a potential ally for the Moral Knowledge Initiative.
Response: Commentary on Aaron Preston’s, “Jonathan Haidt and the Disappearance of Moral Knowledge”

by Aaron Kheriaty

Kheriaty affirms much of Haidt’s work, but puts it in the category of “sociology of knowledge” which Willard says “deals with the causal conditions that bring about the general acceptance of certain thoughts and beliefs as representations of reality—moral or otherwise” (DMK 12). Any such knowledge generated by the social sciences is only knowledge by general consensus and can therefore easily disappear when this consensus changes. Studies of the human soul have fallen into this category (DMK 10). In response to Haidt’s heavy emphasis on emotivism in his moral psychology and philosophy, Kheriaty prescribes a regrounding in the part of classical platonic tradition “which we could roughly describe as the doctrine of participation: all normally functioning human beings participate by a kind of intuition in the logos – in a universal reason or ordering principle.  This participation allows us both to know the world, which is rationally ordered and intelligible, and to reason and deliberate together in the pursuit of truth and goodness.”  Accounts based on evolutionary psychology or the sociology of knowledge are incapable by themselves of recovering moral knowledge as a publicly available resource.
"The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge in Education"

by Mary Poplin

Following the exclusion of Christianity and any organized moral knowledge in the academy, the focus in teacher education became stages of development (e.g., cognitive, social and moral), all deeply embedded in scientific method. There is a loss of meaning that comes with an attachment to physical sciences because they cannot deal with the big issues of life. This has created a culture of despair on college campuses. Student health centers are being overwhelmed by students struggling with anxiety and depression, as suicide statistics in young people continue to rise. In the classroom, courses that address moral knowledge and goodness are in high demand because they offer hope for students examining their lives and looking to their future. But teacher training in the last several decades barely touches issues of morality or character. Today the emphasis is largely on culture, gender, and class seen through the lens of critical theory. This is the case in K-12 as well, which is a crucial time for character formation. With this educational trend, defining “the good person” becomes a significant challenge, but one of utmost importance so that students can know how to become good people.
Response to Mary Poplin’s “The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge in Education”

by Mike Austin

The university as we know it is in trouble. It is no longer a “uni”-versity because it’s not united. It is shifting from a marketplace of ideas to a platform for social change, and the understanding of who counts as a “good person” is weak. But our secular colleagues do have some access to moral knowledge that is grounded in the character of God, though it is perhaps indirect, which Austin encouraged us to make use of as we do our work. We can find common ground, insofar as there is knowledge about morality, human selves, and human flourishing, that is available outside of special revelation. This includes using the empirical work available to us via positive psychology to make our case. As Poplin points out, “scientific findings that relate to human flourishing reveal the advantages of living Christianly”: physical and mental health, longevity, the family, education, and more. We need more of this kind of work on Christian virtues, such as faith, hope, and love, at the academic and popular levels.
"Law, Discursive Distortions, and the Loss of 'Moral Knowledge'”

by Steven Smith

Smith’s central concern regarding moral knowledge is found in his reframing of the issue as the “very real, non-academic question that all of us constantly face: How should I live?  Or, in a communal version: How should we live together?” This allows him to write about the good person from a normative legal and moral perspective and articulate a possible way forward. He acknowledges we live in a world of “rampant normative pluralism” and identifies the challenge it presents for “modern legal and political theorizing, and in many respects for modern law.” He doesn’t hold out much hope for a “recovery through greater philosophical attention to ‘the good person’” as a merely human remedy, but recommends that ministry, rather than either law or philosophy, “is the best prospect for a recovery– if not of ‘moral knowledge,’ exactly– at least of a sensible, grounded normativity in our current society.”
"The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge in Law"

by Robert F. Cochran, Jr.

Cochran described the ways in which moral knowledge has been disappearing from legal theory over the last two centuries, and how these changes are manifested in legal ethics, lawyer counseling, law school and law practice. His paper particularly emphasized the influence of Oliver Wendell Holmes’s philosophy that there is no “higher law,” but that law is merely the assertion of power here on earth. While not very optimistic about the prospects of the return of moral knowledge in the legal field, Cochran pointed to the possibilities present in the New Natural Law theory being championed by John Finnis (emphasizing “the good person” as Dallas does), and noted that the newest member of the Supreme Court, Neil Gorsuch, was Finnis’s graduate student at Oxford. Cochran’s presentation ended on a hopeful note with a white board comparison of Finnis’s Natural Law and Natural Rights (2011) with Willard’s DMK and the similarities in what both authors are promoting.
Response to Cochran and Smith on Legal History and Ethics

by Scott Rae


In his response to Cochran and Smith, Scott Rae provided the following analysis of law and morality: “The authority of the law depends on the moral attitudes that undergird it, giving it the competence to order society that it claims to have.” He gave an example of the loss of moral knowledge as applied to physician assisted suicide, indicating a trend toward its wholesale adoption due to the prevailing attitude around the question of who is being harmed, along with the societal position expressed by Genontologist Joanne Lynn that, “there is nothing cheaper than dead.” Rae closed his paper with a quote from James Davison Hunter’s The Death of Character: “We want character, but without unyielding conviction; we want strong morality, but without the emotional burden of guilt and shame; we want virtue, but without particular moral justifications that invariably offend; we want good without having to name evil; we want decency without the authority to insist on it; we want moral community without any limitations to personal freedom.” And his own personal assessment, “It strikes me that the death of character and the disappearance of moral knowledge go together, which lends urgency to the recovery of moral knowledge.”

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Thursday, November 21, 2019

2019 ETS-EPS: Theological Anthropology Sessions

In addition to various individual papers on important philosophical issues, EPS members also contribute to important theological debates at the 2019 ETS-EPS conference:

Systematic Theology: Theological Anthropology 
November 22, 1:00 PM - 4:10 PM
33rd Floor - Mt. Whitney 

Moderator: Timothy Kleiser (Boyce College)

1:00 PM—1:40 PM
Christopher Woznicki (Fuller Theological Seminary)
What Is the Proper Starting Point for Christological Anthropology? T.F. Torrance's Contribution

1:50 PM—2:30 PM
Dennis Greeson (Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary)
Theosis and Herman Bavinck? T.F. Torrance’s Reconstruction and Its Promise for Bavinck’s Thought

2:40 PM—3:20 PM
Michael Steinmetz (New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary)
The Imago Dei in the Secular Age: Charles Taylor’s Relational Anthropology

3:30 PM—4:10 PM
Robin Dale Hadaway (Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary)
Secret Disciples: Their Role in Culture (John 19:38-42)

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2019 EPS Graduate Student Paper Award

We are pleased to announce that Brandon Rickabaugh (first-place) and Hayden Stephen (second-place) are recipients of the 2019 EPS Graduate Student Award! First ($500) and second-place ($250) prizes are for submitting best papers. Each will have the opportunity to present their paper at the annual meeting of the Evangelical Philosophical Society (Manchester Grand Hyatt, San Diego, California).

Paul Gould, Vice President of the EPS, said competition was "really competitive with lots of excellent papers." All EPS members who are graduate students (doctoral candidates, masters students) are very much encouraged to submit their best papers for next year's Graduate Student Paper Award. Next year's EPS will be in Providence, Rhode Island (November 17th-19th). Become an EPS Member (includes print subscription to Philosophia Christi) by signing up here.

This is the third year for the EPS Graduate Student Paper Award. Past award recipients include Stephanie Nordby (2018) and Brandon Rickabaugh (2017).

Here is more information about Hayden and Brandon, their 2019 papers, along with their  presentation times at the EPS conference:

Brandon Rickabaugh, "Consciousness and Cosmic Fine-Tuning: A Critique of the New Naturalist Hypothesis."

Presentation: November 21, 3:50-4:30 pm; Room: Cove (third floor)

I am a doctoral candidate in the Department of Philosophy at Baylor University, the Franz Brentano Metaphysics of Mind Fellow at the Cultura Project, and a former fellow of the SCP's Fellowship for Science Cross-Training (neuroscience). I love teaching and see my scholarship as a natural means of collecting and clarifying my thoughts to effectively serve my students. In addition to teaching in Baylor's philosophy department, I've also taught philosophy at Biola University, and Azusa Pacific University. I am working on my dissertation, The Structure of Conscious Beings: Discoveries from the Unity of Consciousness. My work focuses on the nature of consciousness and how it informs our understanding of human nature, though, and psychology. I also have interests in the philosophy of religion, the philosophy of neuroscience, and the philosophy of mental health.

Abstract: The contemporary debate over fine-tuning has been a rivalry between two accounts: fine-tuning has its origin in either mind (theism) or non-mind (atheism). This is no longer so. Philip Goff (2019) recently argued that fine-tuning is the product of a naturalistic cosmic mind. According to Goff, at least one form of cosmopsychism explains cosmological fine-tuning in a way that is more parsimonious and less problematic than either theism or the multiverse hypothesis. Goff proposes what he calls agentive cosmopsychism: cosmic fine-tuning is best accounted for by a universe that possesses a basic form of consciousness such that it can fine-tune itself. Given the growing popularity of cosmopsychism and panpsychism in the philosophy of mind, this new naturalist account of fine-tuning warrants a reply. I offer several objections Goff’s case for agentive cosmopsychism as the best explanation of fine-tuning. Moreover, I argue that agentive cosmopsychism yields the false prediction that subjects of consciousness like you and me should not exist. The result, I argue, is that agentive cosmopsychism cannot offer a better explanation of fine-tuning than theism.

Hayden Stephen "Divine Omnispatiality, the Problem of Spatial Intrinsics, and Shapes."

Presentation: November 21, 5:30-6:10 pm; Room: Pier (third floor)

I am currently a doctoral student at Saint Louis University. My academic interests include analytic metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of religion, and philosophical theology. My dissertation topic is divine omnipresence, which concerns God and the metaphysics of location. I have a side interest in theistic ethics and its relation to theories of the atonement. Check out my recent paper “Is the God of Anselm Unloving?” in Religious Studies, where I defend a conception of divine retributive justice in response to Eleonore Stump’s criticisms of Anselm’s atonement theory. In addition to philosophy, these days I am enjoying learning about computer science and software development.

Abstract: Hud Hudson advances a model of divine omnipresence he calls “ubiquitous entension,” according to which God is wholly located at every subregion of space. But there is a potential problem facing the coherence of ubiquitous entension: the problem of spatial intrinsics, which is often posed against the metaphysical possibility of certain kinds of extended simples and the phenomenon of multi-location. Particularly, if God is wholly located at many different regions, it would seem that he must exemplify many different shapes, which is impossible. I lay out several avenues of response to this problem on behalf of the defender of ubiquitous entension, and I argue for my preferred solution that God, as multiply located, does not exemplify many different shapes intrinsically.

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Wednesday, November 20, 2019

ETS-EPS 2019: Penal Substitution in Contemporary Perspective

In addition to various individual papers on important philosophical issues, EPS members also contribute to important theological debates at the 2019 ETS-EPS conference:

The ‘Christus Odium’ Variety of Penal Substitution in Contemporary Perspective 
November 20, 9:00 AM - 12:10 PM
Third Floor - Mission Beach BC 

Moderator: Ryan A. Brandt (Grand Canyon University)

9:00 AM—9:35 AM
Joshua Farris (Heythrop College)
S. Mark Hamilton (Free University of Amsterdam)
Which Penalty, Whose Atonement?

9:35 AM—10:10 AM
Derek Rishmawy (Trinity Evangelical Divinity School)
An Experiment in Odium: Retrieving Classical Tools for Contemporary Atonement Doctrine

10:20 AM—10:55 AM
Tom McCall (Trinity Evangelical Divinity School)
The Well-Pleased Father and the Much-Loved Son: Christus Odium in Theological Perspective

10:55 AM—11:30 AM
Owen Strachan (Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary)
Ryan L. Rippee (The Cornerstone Bible College and Seminary)
It Was the Will of the Father to Crush Him: On Penal Substitution and Divine Wrath 

11:30 AM—12:10 PM
Q&A Panel Discussion

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Tuesday, November 19, 2019

EPS 2019 Panel Discussion on Theistic Evolution

Enjoy this panel discussion on theistic evolution, which is, in part a response to the 2017 multi-authored book, Theistic Evolution: A Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Critique (Crossway).

Evangelical Philosophical Society B3: Panel discussion on Theistic Evolution 
November 20, 2:00 PM - 5:10 PM
Third Floor - Promenade AB

Michael J. Murray (Franklin and Marshall College)
John Churchill (Independent Scholar)

Tom McCall (Trinity Evangelical Divinity School)
William Lane Craig (Talbot; Houston Baptist)
Jeff Schloss (Westmont College)
Steve Meyer (Discovery Institute) 
Paul Nelson (Biola University; Discovery Institute)

Attendees should review the target article in advance at

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ETS-EPS 2019: Bioethics Sessions

EPS members contribute to various discussions in bioethics, medical ethics, and debates about physician-assisted suicide. We are very pleased to see a day-long discussion of these crucial issues at the 2019 ETS-EPS conference in San Diego.

Bioethics November 20, 9:00 AM - 12:10 PM 
33rd Floor - Pyramid Peak

Moderator: Cristina Richie (East Carolina University)

9:00 AM—9:40 AM
James Alan Branch (Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary)
Should Children Be Given Drugs to Stop the Natural Process of Puberty?

9:50 AM—10:30 AM
Eddie N. Colanter (Trinity Law School, Trinity International University)
Honor Your Parents in Bioethics: A Philosophical Critique of Familial Relationships

10:40 AM—11:20 AM
Mark B. Chapman (Trinity International University)
Visions of a New Humanity – CRISPr Babies, Transhumanism, and the Second Adam

11:30 AM—12:10 PM
Michael J. Sleasman (Trinity International University)
By the Enhancing of Our Minds: Exploring the Ethics and Practices of Brain Boosting

Bioethics: Physician-Assisted Suicide, November 20, 2:00 PM - 5:10 PM 
Second Floor - Old Town AB 

Moderator: Erik M. Clary (Oklahoma State University)

2:00 PM—2:20 PM
Erik M. Clary (Oklahoma State University)
Physician-Assisted Suicide in the United States

2:20 PM—2:40 PM
Bob Huff* (California Senate - 2008-2016)
How California's "End of Life Option Act" Became Law

2:50 PM—3:30 PM
Ryan R. Nash* (Ohio State University)
How Physician-Assisted Suicide Impacts the Practice of Medicine

3:40 PM—4:20 PM
Scott B. Rae (Talbot School of Theology / Biola University)
Does "No" to Physician-Assisted Suicide mean "Yes" to Maximal Prolongation of Life? 

4:30 PM—5:10 PM Panel Discussion

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Thursday, November 14, 2019

2019 EPS Annual Conference: How Christian Philosophers Can Serve Theologians and Biblical Scholars

At the 2019 Annual EPS Conference in San Diego, California, J.P. Moreland, Talbot School of Theology's Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, will deliver this year's plenary address.

Title: "How Christian Philosophers can serve Systematic Theologians and Biblical Scholars"

Synopsis: The paper will begin by laying out two reasons why much of contemporary theology and scriptural studies are anemic in their impact for Christ: these disciplines are often done in isolation from the broader cultural issues facing the church and their results are not presented as knowledge of reality. The paper argues that an important solution to this problem is for theological and scriptural scholars to appropriate the findings of Christian philosophy and do integrative work with Christian philosophers in their intellectual projects. The paper goes on to state and illustrate four ways that Christian philosophy and philosophers can serve their colleagues in theology and scriptural studies.

Time and Location: Thursday, November 21st, 2:00-2:50 pm; Seaport ABCDE, Second Floor, Manchester Grand Hyatt.

If you or a colleague wish to attend and have not yet registered, onsite registration will be available.

J.P. will also be the final plenary speaker for the annual EPS Apologetics conference (Saturday, November 23rd, at Maranatha Chapel, San Diego). J.P. will be speaking on "Science and Secularism" (see also his 2018 book, Scientism and Secularism). For the last 18 years, the EPS has helped bring apologetics and worldview training to local churches in a variety of locations around the U.S., drawing upon seasoned expertise from EPS members working in apologetics, philosophy, theology, and ethics.

In light of commemorating the 20th Anniversary of Philosophia Christi, J.P. wrote the following paper in the Summer 2019 issue of Philosophia Christi (subscribe now): "My Retrospective and Prospective Musings on the Evangelical Philosophical Society", he writes:
This article reflects on three issues: (1) the past twenty years of the Evangelical Philosophical Society (EPS), (2) ideas for EPS's future, and (3) some words of advice to my younger EPS colleagues. Regarding (1), I identify four values that were central to the rebirth of the EPS and that have guided us for twenty years. Regarding (2), I issue a warning and a challenge. Regarding (3), I provide three words of advice for keeping us on course.
For other EPS content at the intersection of philosophy, theology and biblical studies, see these free web contributions:
Support the EPS to expand its reach, support its members, and be a credible presence of Christ-shaped philosophical interests in the academy and into the wider culture!

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Thursday, October 31, 2019

"Philosophy of Colour" Advances Across Different Fields of Philosophy

In 2020, Routledge will publish The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Colour, edited by Derek H. Brown and Fiona Macpherson, in the Routledge Handbooks in Philosophy series. Derek H. Brown is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, where he is also deputy director of the Centre for the Study of Perceptual Experience. Fiona Macpherson, FRSE, MAE, is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, where she is also director of the Centre for the Study of Perceptual Experience.

From the publisher's description of The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Colour: 
From David Hume’s famous puzzle about ‘the missing shade of blue’ to current research into the science of colour, the topic of colour is an incredibly fertile region of study and debate, cutting across philosophy of mind, epistemology, metaphysics and aesthetics as well as psychology. Debates about the nature of our experience of colour and the nature of colour itself are central to contemporary discussion and argument in philosophy of mind and psychology, and philosophy of perception. 
This outstanding Handbook contains twenty-nine specially commissioned contributions by leading philosophers and examines the most important aspects of philosophy of colour. It is organised into six parts: 
  • The Importance of Colour to Philosophy 
  • The Science and Spaces of Colour 
  • Colour Phenomena 
  • Colour Ontology 
  • Colour Experience and Epistemology 
  • Language, Categories and Thought
The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Colour is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind and psychology, epistemology, metaphysics and aesthetics, as well as for those interested in conceptual issues in the psychology of colour.

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Saturday, September 21, 2019

Ratio et Fides

In 2018 Pickwick Publications released Ratio et Fides by Robert E. Wood.  Wood is Professor of Philosophy in the Institute of Philosophic Studies at the University of Dallas. He has written ninety articles and eight books, his most recent being The Beautiful, the True, and the Good: Studies in the History of Thought, a collection of papers from 1966 to 2012. He is a past president of the American Catholic Philosophical Association and for twenty years was the editor of American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.

From the publisher's description of Ratio et Fides:
In the face of growing skepticism and relativism, “believe in reason” is the central message in Pope John Paul II’s Fides et Ratio. Only by the two wings of reason and faith together can the human spirit soar. The current work, Ratio et Fides, is its philosophical counterpart. It is not a watered-down introduction but a “leading-into” the heart of philosophic thinking. Firmly rooted in the phenomenological description of an ordinary artifact, a mailbox, the book uses the principles involved in the description to examine key figures in the history of thought. We focus on three areas: the Soul, Morality, and God. We consider seven thinkers. Plato and Aristotle, who founded the tradition, were taken up by Augustine and Aquinas in developing their theologies. Descartes launched the distinctively modern tradition, culminating in Hegel’s systematic presentation of the whole Western tradition, philosophical and religious. More recently, Heidegger approached that tradition in terms of its hidden ground in the Mystery of Being, recalling us to meditative thinking as the secular counterpart to prayer. Armed with this background, students will be able to approach with profit the Fathers of the Church and major theologians and philosophers, past and recent.

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Friday, September 20, 2019

How Theology Shaped Twentieth-Century Philosophy

In 2019, Cambridge University Press released How Theology Shaped Twentieth-Century Philosophy by Frank B. Farrell. Farrell is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at Purchase College, State University of New York. His publications include Subjectivity, Realism, and Postmodernism: The Recovery of the World in Recent Philosophy (Cambridge, 1994) and Why Does Literature Matter? (2004).

From the publisher's description of How Theology Shaped Twentieth-Century Philosophy: 
Medieval theology had an important influence on later philosophy which is visible in the empiricisms of Russell, Carnap, and Quine. Other thinkers, including McDowell, Kripke, and Dennett, show how we can overcome the distorting effects of that theological ecosystem on our accounts of the nature of reality and our relationship to it. In a different philosophical tradition, Hegel uses a secularized version of Christianity to argue for a kind of human knowledge that overcomes the influences of late-medieval voluntarism, and some twentieth-century thinkers, including Benjamin and Derrida, instead defend a Jewish-influenced notion of the religious sublime. Frank B. Farrell analyzes and connects philosophers of different eras and traditions to show that modern philosophy has developed its practices on a terrain marked out by earlier theological and religious ideas, and considers how different philosophers have both embraced, and tried to escape from, those deep-seated patterns of thought.

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Wednesday, July 24, 2019

Worldviews and the Problem of Evil: A Comparative Approach

In 2019, Lexham Press will publish Worldviews and the Problem of Evil: A Comparative Approach by Ronnie P. Campbell Jr.  Campbell (Ph.D., Liberty University) is associate professor of theology at Liberty University's Rawlings School of Divinity. He is the author of For Love of God: An Invitation to Theology.

From the publisher's description of Worldviews and the Problem of Evil
Most attempts at answering the problem of evil either present a straightforward account of the truth claims of Christianity or defend a minimalist concept of God. This book is different. Inside, you'll examine four worldviews' responses to the problem of evil. Then, you'll hear the author's argument that Christian theism makes better sense of the phenomenon of evil in the world, equipping you to reach an informed conclusion.
This book's unique approach "integrating worldviews with apologetics with theology" will give you a better understanding of the debate surrounding the problem of evil, in both philosophy and theology.
Learn to think cogently and theologically about the problem of evil and Christianity's ability to answer its challenges with Worldviews and the Problem of Evil as your guide.

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